BAKU DECLARATION: Tourism and Heritage
Architecture, Planning and Design: Keys to Safeguarding Heritage in the Age of Mass Tourism
To help counter threats to our greatest assets, UNESCO adopted in 1972 the Convention Concerning the Protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage. Today, more than 1,000 places around the world enjoy at least some protections afforded by their designation as World Heritage.
However, as tourism has grown in both scale and reach all over the globe, pressures mount on many places of cultural, natural and historical significance. The effects of unregulated tourism endanger not only World Heritage, but many significant neighbourhoods and villages—even entire cities and natural ecosystems. Climate change compounds these threats, along with deliberate heritage destruction in zones of conflict, including in the Republic of Azerbaijan.